Heavy haul trucking has a significant role in the transport and logistics industries alongside the economy. They provide secure and legal transportation of large equipment and other supplies. Size of the freight and certain federal regulations do cause hindrance in smooth transportation for the driver and fleet managers alike.
It is important to choose the right size of commercial trailer for both standard and oversized hauls.
Why do we need heavy haul trucking?
It is needed for the proper transportation of large loads on public roads. Heavy haul trucking refers to shipments that surpass the normal transportation limit.
As per regulations, not everyone can drive a heavy haul truck, or as a matter of fact, any commercial oversize loading vehicle. To qualify, you need to obtain a commercial driver’s license CDL.
What is a heavy haul load?
Any shipment that goes beyond the limit, the legal size, set by local or federal law is called a heavy haul load. Other names by which heavy haul trucking goes are machinery hauling, super load, or heavy equipment trucking.
Standard shipment by the U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) is
- Height – states are allowed to set their own
- Width – 8’6″
- Length ranges from 48′ to 53′
- Single axle – 20,000 lbs
- Steer axle – 12,000 lbs
- Tandem axle – 34,000 lbs
- Gross weight – 80,000 lbs
Federal regulations are applied on the amount of weight trailed on each axle, calculated using the bridge weight formula.
Types of heavy haul trailers
Different kinds of trailers are used for heavy haul trucking according to your load. Some general categories are
- Extendable double-drop deck trailers are suitable for extra-large/ tall freights.
- Step-deck trailers are suitable for extra tall freight that exceeds the 8’6″ limit; with only one deck compared to the double drop deck.
- Removable gooseneck (RGN) trailers are used for easy on and offloading.
- Axle configuration – can reach up to thirteen axles for heavier shipment.
- Extendable flatbed trailers – best for long roads.
Examples of goods that can be transported
- Mining equipment
- Agricultural equipment
What are the permit requirements for heavy haul trucking, and why do we need them?
Appropriate documents are necessary before you get on the road to avoid any inconvenience. Usually, you need to get a permit on every shipment that comes in. Every state has its law permitting the days and time of travel.
Let’s have a look at the regulations of Minnesota. They require a single trip permit for machinery, which is valid for seven days. Additional requirements during the holidays or winter seasons are implied on the heavy hauls.
Additional Signs or equipment that must be on the truck
Oversized load tags should be visible and in yellow color. It does not matter if it’s placed on the front or back.
Placement of fluorescent red or orange flags on the corner of the vehicle.
Yellow rotating LED lights.
Escort vehicles or pilot cars accompany the heavy haul.
Let WM Trucking and Excavation take care of your shipments and permits, sit back and let professionals handle it. Call now 936 372 1399 for details.